Emberiza citrinella

Yellowhammer / Gulsparv

Main author:
Magnus Hellström, March 2015.

Citation: 
Ottenby Bird Observatory. 2015. Ringers' DigiGuide - Emberiza citrinella. 
www.ringersdigiguide.ottenby.se
 
MOULT:
                      Adult          Young
summer        
SC               sp
winter             - *                - *
Young sp: The post-juvenile moult includes body, LC, MC and GC. Tertials (1-3) are sometimes but not always included. CC and single alula feathers (often only the inner one) may be included, as well as one or a few RR. Exceptionally, single outer GC may be left unmoulted juvenile.
Young wp: If conducted at all, the pre-breeding moult  is very restricted and confined to parts of head. 
Adult SC: The post-breeding moult includes the complete plumage. 
Adult wp: If conducted at all, the pre-breeding moult  is very restricted and confined to parts of head. 
AGE:

Autumn
Spring
SEX:

Autumn
Spring
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