Luscinia luscinia - spring

Thrush Nightingale / Näktergal

AGE - BEST CRITERIA:
 
Autumn criterias are still applicable, though 2cy are more affected to wear during the winter than adult. In 2cy, moult contrast is present in GC, most often in the central part of the arm. Adult birds show a uniform and freshly moulted plumage.
 
2cy: 
  • Most birds included 4-6 inner GC in the post-juvenile moult. Juvenile outer GC show a slightly more rusty hue on the outer vane (but note that a rusty hue is present also in post-juvenile/post-breeding GC, but with a slightly more olive-brown colour component) and generally diffuse pale rusty-buff tips. Difference in wear between juvenile and post-juvenile GC is now more obvious than in autumn.
  • Juvenile PC are often slightly less dense, more worn and more loose/frayed than in adult, but difference is often difficult to detect. 
  • Juvenile RR are generally slightly more worn, narrow and more pointed, but difficult birds are often seen. 
  • Juvenile tertials are often slightly narrower and more pointed, sometimes showing a pale buff tip. A weak contrast is often seen towards the post-juvenile inner GC, the latter being less rusty, more olive-brown. A few birds show a similar moult contrast within the tertials.

3cy+:
  • Whole plumage uniform, lacking moult contrasts.
  • GC are uniformly olive-brown with no pale tips (but note that the MC are often even more olive, which may lead to thoughts of a moult contrast).
  • PC are slightly more dense, in better condition and slightly less rusty.
  • RR are generally slightly broader, more blunt tipped and often in better condition.
2cy May. GC1-7 are juvenile with a rusty hue and rather large pale buffish tip (which may be lacking due to wear). Inner post-juvenile GC8-10 are in better condition and lack pale tips. In this individual the post-juvenile GC are almost as rusty as the juvenile outer ones, but in most birds the newly aquired GC are slightly less rusty, and more cold olive brown. [2KS80364]
2cy May. Another 2cy showing an unusually restricted moult, with unmoulted juvenile GC1-8 in contrast to post-juvenile LC, MC and GC9-10. [2KS80377]
3cy+ May. Worn adult wing showing uniformly olive-browm and rather dense GC and lack of any moult contrasts. [2KR45544]
3cy+ May, showing variation of post-breeding GC. [2KR44263]
2cy May. Juvenile PC are generally slightly less dense and often more worn and loose/frayed than in adult, but difference is not always obvious. [2KS80380]
2cy May, showing variation. [2KS80379]
3cy+ May. Adult PC are generally in better condition, slightly more dense and slightly more olive. [2KR45544]
3cy+ May, showing variation in PC. [2KS80355]
2cy May. The juvenile RR are generally more worn, somewhat narrower and show more pointed tips. But there is a variation, and more difficult individuals (like here) are sometimes seen. [2KS80377]
2cy May, showing variation in the juvenile RR. [2KS80380]
3cy+ May. Post-breeding RR are generally slightly broader and more blunt-tipped. Note also a better general feather state and quality. [2KR45544]
3cy+ May, showing variation. [2KR44266]
2cy May. Most young birds, like here, show uniformly juvenile tertials, in contrast to post-juvenile inner GC. However, a few may show two generations of feathers. Post-juvenile tertials are slightly more fresh, dense and a trifle more olive, less rusty. [2KS80378]
2cy May. Another individual showing juvenile tertials in conrast to post-juvenile inner GC. Note also traces of pale tips to the tertials. [2KS80380]
3cy+ May, showing uniformly post-breeding tertials. [2KR44263]
3cy+ May. Another individual showing some variation. [2KS80355]
More Luscinia luscinia:
Ageing autumn

Moult
Ringers' DigiGuide main page
Ringers' DigiGuide is sponsored by:
[Not showing? Disable adblocker for this site.]
 

Ringers' DigiGuide - main page