Phylloscopus trochilus - autumn

Willow Warbler / Lövsångare

AGE - BEST CRITERIA:

Most individuals are redily aged according to the below criteria, but a few may be somewhat more problematic:
 
1cy: 
  • A few individuals include GC10 (and occasionally GC9-7) in the post-juvenile moult. Moulted feathers have better structure, slightly darker centre and brighter greener edges than the juvenile ones, but may still be difficult to detect. Check for moult contrasts also in RR and tertials (may also occur in LC or MC, but are generally diffucult to see).
  • SS are fully grown before onset of autumn migration.
  • Yellow on throat, breast and belly are rather evenly distributed and generally reaches between the legs (note however, that northern acredula are less yellow than nominate).
  • Iris colour cold and dark grey. 
  • Juvenile RR, PP and SS are generally more narrow, slightly more pointed and show a less good feather quality (less dense, less gloss and with a weak brownish ground colour).
  • PC and tertials slightly paler, less dense and increasingly more worn during autumn.
 
2cy+:
  • Whole plumage fresh, lacking moult contrasts (but note that a few may retain/'forget' a single inner SS or LC).
  • Most individuals start autumn migration with innermost S6 still growing and with feather sheath still present during late summer/early autumn.
  • Yellow on throat and breast often gives the impression of being concentrated in lines/bands, and belly (incl. the area between the legs) are generally more whitish.
  • Colour of iris warmer dark greyish-brown. 
  • PC are more dense and often with slightly greyish edges.
  • Alula feathers show glossy dark centra with fresh greyish tips/edges.
  • RR, PP and SS are generally broader and in better condition (denser, darker more glossy).
  • PC and tertials slightly darker, denser and in slightly better condition.
1cy September. Most 1cy (like this one) show a complete set of juvenile GC. However, a few include 1 (or rarely 2-4) inner GC which show a slightly darker centre and greener edges than the still juvenile outer GC. Moult contrasts may also occur in LC or MC, but are generally diffucult to see. [CP47919]
2cy+ August. Whole wing is post-breeding, showing fresh and dense GC with dark and glossy centre. [CV05671]
1cy August. Yellow on throat, breast and belly are rather evenly distributed and generally reaches between the legs (note however, that northern acredula are less yellow than nominate). [CP46515]
1cy August. Same individual. [CP46515]
2cy+ August. In adult, yellow on throat and breast often gives the impression of being concentrated in lines/bands, and belly (incl. the area between the legs) are generally more whitish. [CP46988]
2cy+ August. Same individual. [CP46988]
1cy September. Colour of iris rather dark and cold grey. [CP47919]
2cy+ August. Colour of iris dark greyish-brown, warmer than in 1cy. [CP39705]
1cy August. Whole tail is juvenile, and the RR (as well as PP and SS) are generally more narrow, slightly more pointed and show a less good feather quality (less dense, less gloss and with a weak brownish ground colour). [CV05016]
1cy August, showing a dominantly juvenile tail but with post-juvenile left R2 and (both sides) R5. [CP46515]
2cy+ August. RR (as well as PP and SS) are generally broader and in better condition (denser, darker more glossy). [CV05671]
2cy+ August. Another individual showing a post-breeding tail. [CP39705]
1cy September. Juvenile PC are slightly paler, less dense and increasingly more worn during autumn. [CV06214]
2cy+ August. Adult PC are slightly darker, denser and in generally better condition. [CV05671]
1cy August. Juvenile tertials are slightly paler (and somewhat browner), less dense and increasingly more worn during autumn. [CP46461]
2cy+ August. Adult tertials are slightly darker, denser and generally in better condition. [CP46988]
More Phylloscopus trochilus:
Ageing spring

Moult
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